Pest Control  Pest Library Bed Bugs

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are small wingless insects that feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals. As humans, we are ideal hosts for bed bugs. Bed bugs are so-called because of their preferred habitat in human homes; sofas, bed mattresses, etc. Most bed bugs feed on their hosts while they are asleep.

These insects feed exclusively on blood and may survive a year without eating. They are attracted by body warmth and carbon dioxide Transfer to new places is usually depends on the movement of the human they feed upon. Bugs and eggs can inadvertently be brought in from other infested dwellings on a visiting person’s clothing or luggage.

Infested items (such as furniture, clothing, or backpacks) brought in;

Nearby dwellings or infested items, if easy routes are available for travel, e.g. through ducts or false ceilings

Though bed bugs will feed on pets, they do not live or travel on the skin of their hosts, and pets are not believed a factor in their spread

Bed bugs require blood in order to reproduce and complete their life cycle. The effect of bed bug bites varies among people, but they eventually produce red welts that itch. The bites themselves are not painful and typically are not felt. However, frequent feeding can disrupt people’s sleep and make them irritable, and seeing bites may cause emotional distress in some people. Heavy rates of feeding can result in significant blood loss and eventually lead to anaemia, especially in malnourish

How to reduce infestation

  • Preventing bed bug infestations are the best approach. This involves thoroughly searching for bed bugs or signs of infestation in any suitable hiding place, such as bedding, upholstered furniture, or packing materials that might be introduced into your home or apartment. You should search for feces, eggs, and shed “skins” of larval bed bugs, as well as for active bed bugs.
  • Clothes laundered in hot water and/or dried in temperatures hotter than 122° F 20 minutes will kill all stages of bed bugs.

Quality tip

Always ask your pest control provider to provide an integrated pest management (IPM) for you.

Health and safety tip

Infested (but intact) mattresses, upholstery and items that cannot be washed with hot water. Bedbugs die at 50°C

Environmental tip

You may need professional services and pesticides, but perhaps try these more environmentally friendly ideas seems that bed bugs can be killed with temperatures above 60 degrees Celsius (140 degrees Fahrenheit) so steam cleaning carpet, furniture

Regulatory tip

Commercial pest control is regulated by Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry & Fisheries (MAAIF) and all pest controllers must have a license issued by MAAIF. Even though public health pest control is not regulated


  • Bed bugs can live for up to 12 months without feeding, so it’s important to trap them in bed-bug proof mattress liners and linens to cut them off from their food supply indefinitely.
  • Depending on conditions, bed bugs can produce three or four generations in one year. Females can lay anywhere between one to five eggs a day. Unlike bunnies, finding many bugs where there was once one is not a fun surprise.
  • They are creative. Part of the reason these little bugs are a prevalent problem is due to the fact that they are highly adaptable to the environment they are in and have been known to travel long distances.